The Web's Original Seduction of the Innocent Site Homepage     Editions of Seduction of the Innocent, comic books used in Seduction of the Innocent, and the 'Lost SOTI' books     Dr. Fredric Wertham biography, bibliography, and more     The Anti-Comic-Book crusade of the 1940's and 1950's     The Comics Code, which came about in response to the criticisms leveled by SOTI as well as additional public and legislative pressure     Links to sites that have additional related information.     Frequently Asked Questions
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New for 2020!

SOTI comic books
discovered! Coming soon!, a site about comic book censorship and more
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Coming soon!
Lots more
from the
Wertham files!

More anti-Wertham editorial data!

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to contribute?


I have never come across any adult nor adolescent
who had outgrown comic-book reading who would ever dream
of keeping any of these "books" for any sentimental or other reason.

-Dr. Fredric Wertham, Seduction of the Innocent, page 89
A site dedicated to the comic book censorship crusade of the 1940's and 1950's, Seduction of the Innocent , and the works of Dr. Fredric Wertham.

Seduction of the Innocent is a book written by psychiatrist Dr. Fredric Wertham about the harmful effects of comic books. Published in 1954 and reprinted numerous times since, the book represents the culmination of years of reasearch into juvenile delinquency. SOTI, as it is known in Dr. Wertham's private files and also among comic book collectors, laid the blame for delinquency largely upon comic books. Dr. Wertham's work helped spark a United States Senate investigation and the formation of the Comics Code Authority. SOTI and other anti-comics efforts led to organized comic book burnings and nearly killed the entire United States comic book industry in the mid-1950's.

You'll find a handy timeline of significant events in the anti-comics crusade here.

Help us find the LOST SOTI books!

Hundreds of comics were referenced by Dr. Fredric Wertham in Seduction of the Innocent, the classic 1954 anti-comics diatribe. However, fewer than 150 of those books have been identified by the collecting community. A major goal of this site has been to identify all of the source material used by Dr. Wertham in writing Seduction of the Innocent. Can you help identify the LOST SOTI books?


  • Another update! June, 2020: We've added lots more books with anti-Wertham editorials! And we've added dozens more articles to our list 1940's and 50's anti-comics literature . And stay tuned! There's a new discovery coming soon, and this one involves one of the most iconic characters in comics!

    Plus new information about Peter Penny as well!

  • Another update! October, 2019: See our revamped "Found SOTI" page!

  • EVEN MORE Discoveries!
    April, 2019: It's been a while since the site was updated, but over the last few years even more previously-unidentified SOTI books have now been found! See the Lost SOTI page for details of Famous Crimes #1, Famous Crimes #19, Mr. Risk #2, Nyoka #26, Phantom Lady #16 and Wanted Comics #29!

  • Anti-Wertham Editorials
    March, 2019: Three of the four anti-Wertham editorials that appeared in Captain America Comics have been identified! See the more anti-comics page and check out the anti-Wertham editorials for details!

  • Two MORE Discoveries!
    September 26, 2016: Two more previously-unidentified SOTI books have been uncovered! Wertham referred to a comic book in which one man kills his wife with a poker. A comic book fitting that description has been found, although it's difficult to say with certainty that this is the book to which Wertham was referring. Eagle-eyed contributor Carl Henderson has positively identified the book that Wertham referenced with this passage,
    A man provides murder victims for his wife, who drinks their blood. He grabs a newsboy for her and she says over his bound body: "His throat is as white and soft as a swan's! So tender and youthful!" (p. 388)
    See the lost SOTI page for these and many more SOTI books that have yet to be discovered.


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